Here is a list of minerals along with their main functions within the human body:
- Calcium: Builds and maintains strong bones and teeth, helps with blood clotting, and regulates muscle and nerve function.
- Chloride: Helps regulate the amount of water in the body, maintains the acid-base balance of the blood, and helps with digestion.
- Magnesium: Helps regulate the heartbeat, relaxes muscles, and is involved in many enzyme reactions.
- Phosphorus: Builds and maintains strong bones and teeth, helps with energy production, and is involved in many enzyme reactions.
- Potassium: Helps regulate the electrical activity of the cells, maintains the fluid balance of the body, and helps with muscle contraction.
- Sodium: Helps regulate the amount of water in the body, maintains the acid-base balance of the blood, and helps with nerve transmission.
- Sulphur: Helps form connective tissue, proteins, and some hormones.
- Iron: Forms haemoglobin, which carries oxygen in the blood.
- Iodine: Helps produce thyroid hormones, which regulate metabolism.
- Manganese: Helps with many enzyme reactions, including those involved in energy production and bone formation.
- Copper: Helps with the formation of red blood cells and the absorption of iron.
- Fluoride: Helps to strengthen teeth and prevent cavities.
- Molybdenum: Helps with the metabolism of sulphur-containing amino acids.
- Selenium: Helps protect cells from damage and supports the immune system.
- Zinc: Helps with the formation of DNA and proteins, wound healing, the immune system, and steroid hormone synthesis.
It is important to note that some people may be at risk of mineral deficiencies, such as those who follow restrictive diets or have certain medical conditions. If you are concerned that you may have a mineral deficiency, talk to your doctor.